Thursday, September 30, 2021

Mega-events physical activity legacy

 Article summary

We would like sport mega-events to leave lasting legacies in the communities than host them. Unfortunately, that is not always the case. The hosting city hopes to have tangible legacies, such as increased tourism; intangible ones, such as national pride; and affect the community's education, infrastructure, and activity levels. 

Theories used to study legacies of mega-events: 

  • Demonstration effect: Inspire physical activity from watching elite performers
  • Festival effect: Inspire physical activity through community enthusiasm and a convivial atmosphere. 
There is little evidence of prolonged increases in participation due to hosting mega-events. However, there is hope for cities to still impact the activity levels of their citizens when hosting sporting mega-events if the government 1) engages the community, 2) develops long-lasting strategies, and 3) coordinates efforts with stakeholders. 

Annear, M. J., Shimizu, Y., & Kidokoro, T. (2019). Sports mega-event legacies and adult physical activity: A systematic literature review and research agenda. European Journal of Sport Science, 19(5), 671–685.

Thursday, July 8, 2021

Sport Communication Syllabus - Summer 2021

In case you missed my awesome interactive syllabus 
ESPE 6143 Sport Communication -10A
CRN 30514
 ESPE 6143 - 10A

Sport Comm FAQ week 1

 Hello sport communicators, 

Thank you for submitting your questions to your academic coaches: 

Ms. Melanie Hosty (

Ms. Kristen Buynar (

Mr. Mark Zeka (

They compiled them for me and here is the summary of the need to know. 

  1. I have discontinued the use of the writing center for the syllabus assignment. What you saw on that video was residual from last year when I was trying that out. I found it did not scale well, so we will no longer be using them for small assignments like the synthesis papers. 
  2. The discussions should include all articles for the week, not just one article. 
  3. The mini-doc info sheet has been redone. 
  4. Yuja has also been discontinued. A-State has now contracted with Kalutra and IT has made you a how-to video in case you are struggling to upload your intro video. It is located in week 1 activities' folder.  
  5. You can make your mini-doc on an organization (or part of an organization) you work for, and it does not have to be pro sports. It can be anything in parks and rec, high school, club sports, college athletics, you name it!
Check out this video for more detailed information =D

Wednesday, March 31, 2021

Midterm suggestions

 It is midterm suggestions time! (at least for some of you, do not forget I have courses going on 16-week time periods, and courses going on 7-week time periods, so if this seems like an odd time to post a midterm suggestion post, that's because this particular eval probably does not apply to you :P

Check out the form below. It is anonymous. so I will not know who said what, but you are still a person (and my student), and I am still a person (and your professor, who has your best interest at heart and is trying extra hard to give you the best college or graduate experience possible). Thus, I expect you not to take this anonymity as an excuse to be a jerk (OK?). I still expect the utmost professionalism and respect from you, and kindly worded feedback. 


Dr. Benavides

Here is some audio for you because I am trying something new =D

Here is the survey: 



 Hello, A-State Sport Management and Sport Admin students! Check out this list of amazing internships available at the time of the writing of this post (Summer 2021): 

  1. Graphic designer intern with the Reno Aces in Reno NV
    • The mini-documentary video you did in the SportComm course and similar experiences can help you land this one!
  2. The Palm Beaches ballpark operations in West Palm Beach Florida
    • You would have covered content to land this internship in the Sport Governance and Operations course
  3. Sponsorship Sales & Services in West Texas A&M University
    • Think Sport Marketing on this one!
  4. Marketing and fan experience in University of Cincinnati
    • This one is also Mostly Marketing
As you probably remember from your comps and/or thesis, the sport management content covered in each class does not operate in a vacuum from the content covered in the other courses. My suggestion for guiding you to the course material for each of the internships above is to direct you to the main source of content that will help you prepare your application materials, but this will not be the only source by any means. Always think of your degree globally and try to keep in mind the many ways in which it overlaps in the many sport industry segments. 


More recently, it has been brought to my attention, that students have had some difficulty getting placement after covid close-downs. I spent some time talking to people and decided to post some evergreen internship placement information below. As always, the internship information hub for face-to-face graduate and undergraduate students is on the HPESS internship site run by Dr. Amanda Wheeler Gryffin. Likewise, the information for the online M. S. Sport Administration online program can be found in the M.S. Sport Administration-Online Blackboard Organization run by Dr. David LaVetter. These are helpful suggestions to help students in their search for placement. 

    1. Jonesboro Country Club    
  • Kate Titsworth
  • Phone: 870-820-2546
  • Intern duties may include managing lifeguards, overseeing swim lessons, answering patron questions/concerns, rule and regulation enforcement, facility maintenance, special events, etc. 

    2. No Regrets Fitness Studio
  • Owner: Heidi Rigsbi
  • 514 Southwesr Drive 72401
  • Email:
  • Intern duties may include inventory, SWOT analysis, marketing plan, market analysis, update client portfolio, expansion plan, expansion research, social media plan, social media management, etc. 
    3. Red Wolf Wellness
  • Director: Spencer Beradley
  • Phone: 870-972-3974
  • Email:
  • Intern duties may include inventory, SWOT analysis, marketing plan, market analysis, update client portfolio, expansion plan, expansion research, social media plan, social media management, etc. 
    4. Last, but not least!

Monday, March 29, 2021

Recommendation letters

 Hello, A-State Sport Management and Sport Admin students! 

I am pleased to announce I have revised my recommendation letter policy. If you need a recommendation letter please fill out ***this form*** and email me at to let me know you have done so. I will send out a letter or PDF to the official company or school address or email you provide within the form. Please note I will use your indicated pronouns, job title (school program), company name (school name), recipient information, and all other information exactly as listed, punctuated, and capitalized in the form; so please double and triple check all the information you provide. Once the letter has been sent out I will send you an email to inform you. I still do not send generic letters directly to students, so have all the information handy and fill out the form below when you are ready. 

Here are a few things you may want to reflect on and look up before you fill out the form. 

  1. Your values. ***Here*** is a good resource to help you with that reflection. 
  2. Your skills. ***Here*** is a good resource to help you with that reflection. 
  3. the courses you have taken with me (and only with me)


Dr. Benavides. 

Thursday, February 11, 2021

Marketing plan

As promised, once you turned in your SWOT analysis we are going to focus on the marketing plan assignment. One thing at a time, right? Here are the major components of the marketing plan and the rubric that will be used to grade it. This is presented here as an outline for your convenience, but for your assignment, you are to present it as a narrative. Ultimately you are gathering evidence to speak of a plan that integrates all elements of the marketing mix (product, price, promotion, people, processes or places)

  1. Organization's profile
    1. Name
    2. Provide a history of the organization
    3. Describe the industry
    4. Describe the products and/or services the marketing plan focuses on (PRODUCT)
    5. Name and describe the organization key competitors
      1. Explain why they are so
  2. Market segmentation and targeting
    1. What problem do the products and/or services solve?
    2. Describe the potential customers
    3. What are the key segments within this market? 
      1. Identify and describe at least three segments this company serves 
        1. Describe how they serve them
          1. How will you communicate this to them? (PROMOTION)
    4. What segment does the marketing plan focus on, and why? How does this segment will offer growth and opportunity? (PEOPLE)
  3. Context
    1. Speak if the macro environments that affect the organization
      1. Economic
      2. Political 
      3. Technological advancements
      4. Social 
  4. SWOT Analysis 
    1. Strengths
    2. Weaknesses
    3. Opportunities
    4. Threats

All this previous information should lead you to create a cohesive plan for integrating all elements of the marketing mix. Describe how you are doing so. 

       5. Marketing mix
    1. Product
    2. Price
    3. Promotion
    4. People
    5. Process or places
Click here for the grading rubric

Below are a couple of marketing plans by students. With their permission I made them publicYou can find more examples with feedback as well as the feedback for these videos on my youtube channel. 

Thursday, January 28, 2021

Finding articles for class

Having trouble finding articles for my courses? Follow these easy steps. 
  1. Go to the A-State website 
  2. Click on the library tab, or go directly to the A-State library website 
  3. Find the database you want to use (I like SportDiscus), or use the OneSearch box right there on the main page. 
  4. Copy and paste the title of the article from the syllabus to the search box and click search. I like to put it in quotation marks ("") to limit my search hits.
  5. If you have any trouble you can chat with a librarian. Make sure you have the article information from the syllabus handy (the whole article reference from the article list section, not just the author name from the itinerary section). The chatbox is located on the main A-State library website page. 
I hope this helps you and reduce some of your anxiety and frustration operating the library website. Remember the coaches or myself do not control the library. This activity is built into my courses so you practice and struggle less when you take your comps exam. If you have feedback about the library they will be happy to hear it, and if you have feedback about the class you can relay it to the coaches. Please do so in a professional and helpful manner. We are all here to help you and be assured we want to do so! <><

Here is a step by step video

Updated video including the articles for week 6 in the Sport marketing course

Tuesday, January 26, 2021

Non-accidental violence in sport

Non-accidental Violence in Sport

Article summary

This study offers a systematic qualitative review about organizational antecedents of non-accidental violence in sport. The authors seek to understand harmful interactions between individuals and examine participants' interpretations of their experiences. A qualitative systematic review allows synthesizing information, reexamining, and comparing findings from multiple studies. It also enables critical systematic reflection of non-accidental violence from an organizational perspective.

The authors reviewed 43 publications selected using the PRISMA framework. The results show that structural factors and motivational factors contribute to non-accidental violence in sport. Specifically, organizational tolerance, conformity to values, power imbalance, and instrumental beliefs are most conducive to psychological abuse. For instance, some coaches and even athletes use instrumental beliefs to drive performance, avoid failure, and keep interpersonal control. Tolerance and conformity to values coupled with instrumental beliefs and winner-takes-all are accessories to physical abuse. For example, some athletes use physical abuse on the field to undermine their competitors. Finally, sexual abuse is more likely when there is tolerance, power imbalance, and isolation, either physical or psychological. 

This blog post presents a brief summary of the article's key findings as an introduction to the topic. There is valuable information to be gleaned from reading the entire article. Graduate students are responsible for finding the article, interpreting the content, and discussing its content as it pertains to the course assignment(s) so they can make individual progress towards the course's assessment standards. The skills gained from completing these activities are helpful during the course, in preparing for comprehensive examinations at the end of the program, and post-graduation. There is a presentation in the video below by Marquis that you may also find helpful. 

Presenter: Marquis

Pre-presentation struggles:

Roberts, V., Sojo, V., & Grant, F. (2019;2020;). Organisational factors and non-accidental violence in sport: A systematic review. Sport Management Review, 23(1), 8-27. doi:10.1016/j.smr.2019.03.001

Crisis comm in sport

 Crisis Communication in Sport

Presentation: Knight et al., 2020

Presenter: Landon

Knight, H. R., Hartman, K. L., & Bennett, A. (2020). Gun violence, eSports, and global crises: A proposed model for sport crisis communication practitioners. Journal of Global Sport Management: Reputational Management in Sport, 5(2), 223-241.

Saturday, January 16, 2021

Online students comps and internship application

***** A-State switched to CANVAS Summer II, 2023 This post is for when we used blackboard. *****

This video shows A-State MS Sport Administration Online students how to navigate the MS Sport Administration Online Organization shell on blackboard so they can turn in their comprehensive exam application as well as their internship application when they are eligible.  The shell also has important program information, so the more familiar you are with it the better! Contact the program/internship coordinator, Dr. LaVetter ( if you have questions. 
    Note that this process is not the same for BS Sport Management students or for MS Sport Administration students on campus, who have to contact Dr. Wheeler-Gryffin ( and visit the HPESS website for their internship information and Dr. Brian Church ( to register for comps. 

Check out these sample answers with feedback and por tips to help you formulate possible answers to some of your comps questions. These are intended as examples only, do not copy these answers word by word because you will be flagged for plagiarism. They should be used as inspiration and to help guide you in creating original answers =D

This is a good example, and the student followed directions in bolding the concepts. However, this student failed to define each concept, so they lost significant points for that. Pro tip: Do not forget to include your concepts definitions. 

In the early 2000s, the two most popular female tennis players in the world were Serena Williams & Anna Kournakova. The way that they were covered was fairly equal but their play on the tennis court was not equal. Serena Williams dominated the Womens Tennis circuit while Anna Kournakova was just covered just as much because of her looks. This is an example of Objectifying Women in Sports by The Media that is more laughable & evident today because Serena Williams is still dominating but Anna Kournakova is nowhere to be found in professional tennis. Male athletes are pretty much judged for their play on the field/court but women continue to fight an uphill battle throughout their whole career because they do not receive Equal Pay for their accomplishments on the field (Ex. USWNST vs. USMST). Serena Williams has been one of the most dominant athletes of all time but every time she is brought up in the media it has to do with her being the most dominant "Female" athlete of all time. It is time that we are able to see past Culture and Gender in the world of sport & respect the dominance of all athletes, regardless of gender and Sexuality. Serena has also been at the forefront of Athlete Activism during the Summer of 2020 in the wake of the killing of George Floyd by a Minneapolis Police Officer. Athlete's voices, right or wrong, carry a lot of weight & it is awesome when they put their voice behind a cause that they think is worthwhile. Using Electronic Word of Mouth (eWOM) to send out these messages to their millions of followers is something that Serena does not shy away from & I admire her for it. I may not have all the same Activism ideas that she has but that does not take away the respect I have for her for using her platform as a means to create the change she would like to see in the world. Serena Williams has worked tirelessly to get in the position she is in today by perfecting her craft as a tennis player. She is now using that position to help create a better society by engaging in Public Sociology & is effectively communicating that she is not just another female tennis player that was given screen time based on how she looks. She is a African American Women role model who has dominated a sport that has long been played by people that do not look like her & our society is a better place because of her. 

The following students' work lost points because they did not understand the task. The instructions were to take a concept from sports in society and a concept from sport communication and unite them in one example (then do that again in a second example). This question was designed to do two things: 1) show mastery of advanced principles of sport management, and 2) show understanding of how content from multiple courses overlaps in realistic situations. In failing to do that, this answer will not receive a passing grade. Pro tip: Read the instructions thoroughly and make sure you understand what is being asked, and in this case, provide two integrative examples. 

My example that I am using is a semi fictitious example. The organization I am focusing on is the West Park High School Football Team (WPFT). West Park high school is a brand new school that just opened during the 20/21 school year. This is there inaugural year and they had to open during covid as well. Because of opening during covid, there was not a football season in the fall as all sports were canceled in California at the beginning of the year for covid. Well now covid numbers are declining, so the state said the sports can resume, so all sports will have short modified season where they will all compete during the spring. Some more background about the school, the school is a very unique build and is innovative technologically and is a student centered school. The football stadium is a unique stadium that is sunk into the ground and there is no track around the school so there is a unique viewing experience compared to other schools in California. My first concept from Sport in Society is about women in sports. In class we had read an article written by Jorgenson or Jameson. In that article one statistic stood out to me at that was that of all female sport college coaches, approximately 50% of the coaches were male. Compared to all mens sport coaches, only 3% were female. In the four main professional sports, there are very few female coaches, with the coaches that are female making national news because it is so rare. I thought that one way in my example that the WPFT could address this issue would be to have an assistant female or even a head female football coach. I think this would be good for the players as it would make them get used to seeing female in sports and having to listen to female coaches in stead of just male coaches. The players would then grow up with female in power positions and it would not seem like a rare thing for them. Another positive for have a female head coach would be for the female students and showing them that someone like them can succeed in a male dominated sport. This would also build on the fact that the school principal is also female and the would have many female in power positions to lead by example. My Second concept from Sport in Society is race in sports. I was recently at a meeting at West Park High School because I am hoping to become a teacher at the school. In that meeting it was said that the student population was diverse and that 51% of the student population was not white. I thought about this and tried to relate it to the class and this example. The head football coach is a person of color and again this is good for the athletes as they see someone like them as the head coach. I think the football team should also hire more persons of color to meet the same ratio of the student population. I also think the staffing for the school in general should represent the same proportion of the student population. Athletes and students may be more inclined to listen and perform for a teacher or coach that looks like them. They can feel like they relate to coaches and teachers of color, which in turn can help better there athletic and educational career. My first concept for Sport Communication is using social media to communicate. While this is WPHS inaugural year, the school has been in the planning stages for ten years and been under construction for four years. The principal and other key administration was hired two years before the school opened. One of the first things the principal did was to start social media accounts for the school to help promote the school and to build awareness for the school. I think the WPFT can build on social media presence that has already been created to help promote the brand for the football team. Most people expect football games to be played in the fall like a normal season, but because of covid, the season is going to be played in the spring. The WPFT can use their social media accounts to communicate to the community about when games are going to be, cost, etc. Since this is the first year for the high school, they only opened with freshman and sophomores. Because of this, there are only a junior varsity and freshman football team. The sophomores will be the first graduation class of the school. I think the WPFT could use their social media accounts to do get to know the players posts to help build the relationship and communication between potential fans and the football program. Another way they can use social media to communicate to the community is to show a video of the unique stadium and the type of viewing experience a person would get watching a game in person. My second concept for Sport Communication is to provide a live streaming service and to use multiple camera angles. Because school is built to be innovative technologically, they can use this technology to set up a live streaming service for the community to be able to view the games from the home. This would provide an option to community members who may not feel safe going to a public gathering. They can use this shortened spring season to show the viewers what the experience would be like to view a game for the stadium. They could set up multiple camera angles to help keep the interest of the viewers. One wide view when the play happens, but also a close up view for replays. One of the articles we read discussed that viewers attention were kept when there were more cuts in the broadcast. If the live streaming service could have a wide view, close up view, and then also a view from the field, they would be able to have multiple cuts to break up the broadcast, keeping the attention of viewer. 

In this example the student was not thorough enough and it was not clear how each of the concepts they chose to use applied to the content areas assigned (sports in society and sport comm). Pro tip: Thoroughly define each concept, describe how it applies in the example in ample detail, and explicitly state how each concept relates to the content area in question. 

The concepts I will use in this example include emotional reaction, tweet, race in sport, and nationalism in sport. Emotional reaction is a reaction that someone has while viewing a form of sport communication. A tweet is a post on the social media platform Twitter. Race in sport refers to the diversity of races in sport. Nationalism in sport refers to the nations that participate in sport. The month of February is black history month, so the USA olympics Twitter page decides to tweet an image of the first black athlete to win a gold medal for team USA in the olympics. This tweet will be using all of the concepts previously discussed. The tweet will create an emotion reaction within the Twitter pages followers and also anyone who sees the tweet that gets shared will also have an emotional reaction to the tweet. Viewers of the tweet will be proud of the athlete for having been the first black athlete to earn a gold medal for team USA in the olympics, this. The tweet on Twitter will promote black athletes and also promote the USA olympics team. The tweet is showcasing race in sport. The tweet with give viewers of the tweet the emotion of being proud to be Americans. The tweet will show the athlete competing against other athletes from other countries, so nationalism in sport will also be present in the tweet.