We would like sport mega-events to leave lasting legacies in the communities than host them. Unfortunately, that is not always the case. The hosting city hopes to have tangible legacies, such as increased tourism; intangible ones, such as national pride; and affect the community's education, infrastructure, and activity levels.
Theories used to study legacies of mega-events:
- Demonstration effect: Inspire physical activity from watching elite performers
- Festival effect: Inspire physical activity through community enthusiasm and a convivial atmosphere.
Annear, M. J., Shimizu, Y., & Kidokoro, T. (2019). Sports mega-event legacies and adult physical activity: A systematic literature review and research agenda. European Journal of Sport Science, 19(5), 671–685.